Hello Octopress

Octopress 是一个很不错的 blog 程序,好处我就不说了,自己查文档,现在把我安装时碰到的问题记录下来,供后来的朋友参考。

从wordpress导出数据

我参考前面诸位写出来的ruby代码:wordpress2Markdown

这个ruby脚本的功能:

  • 循环匹配多种代码块,替换为 octopress 格式的代码块
  • 替换url中的汉字为拼音,并去掉不能转换的标点符号等
  • 输出文件到 ansi as utf-8 格式的文件中,避免中文字符乱码

我碰到的问题

第一个:

rake aborted!
You have already activated rake 0.9.2.2, but your Gemfile requires rake 0.9.2. U
sing bundle exec may solve this.
(See full trace by running task with --trace)

解决:

bundle exec rake

用上面的语句替代 rake 执行命令

第二个:

* * Invoke generate (first_time)
* * Execute generate
# # Generating Site with Jekyll
Unchanged sass/screen. Scss
D: / RailsInstaller/Ruby1.9.2 / lib/ruby / 1.9.1 / psych. Rb: 148: in ` parse ': peasants' t par
Se YAML at line 68 column 0 (Psych: : SyntaxError)

解决:

_config.yml ':' 后面必须要有空格

第三个:

D:\Dray\U\Git\MyOctopressBlogTest>bundle exec rake preview
Starting to watch source with Jekyll and Compass. Starting Rack on port 4000
[2012-02-10 09:24:37] INFO  WEBrick 1.3.1
[2012-02-10 09:24:37] INFO  ruby 1.9.2 (2011-07-09) [i386-mingw32]
[2012-02-10 09:24:37] INFO  WEBrick::HTTPServer#start: pid=7672 port=4000
Configuration from D:/Dray/U/Git/MyOctopressBlogTest/_config.yml
Auto-regenerating enabled: source -> public
[2012-02-10 09:24:42] regeneration: 1730 files changed
>>> Compass is polling for changes. Press Ctrl-C to Stop.
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml
Liquid Exception: incompatible character encodings: UTF-8 and CP850 in atom.xml

解决:

这个错误是因为 windows 下 cmd 默认用 ansi 格式的字符串来调用命令,解决的方法是:
打开 shell|cmd 之后,先执行

    set LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8
    set LANG=en_US.UTF-8

然后再执行 rake 的命令。
或者,在 d:\RailsInstaller\Ruby1.9.2\setup_environment.bat 的最后面加上这两句。

第四个:

## copying public to _deploy
rake aborted!
unknown file type: public/./blog/categories/??

解决:

这个就很郁闷了,categories 分类不能有中文的,现在嘛还无解

常用的编译提交命令

bundle exec rake generate && bundle exec rake deploy

常用的官方文档